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Variant designs for the dairy, one presented to Lord Abercorn in September 1797 (5)


An octagonal 'milk room' with a thatched pyramidal roof is linked via a covered walk to a rectangular-plan scalding room with two hearths. The scalding room is where utensils for milk and cheese are sterilized in hot water and dried. The 'milk room' is for storage and it is kept cool by being separated from the scalding room and sunken 'three or four steps' into the ground. The separation of scalding room and storage is a common characteristic of Soane's dairy designs (see Lees Court, Hamels Park, q.v.)

The alternative design on the verso of drawing 123 shows the scalding room and dairy separated even further apart by a colonnaded passage, with all the rooms sharing shelter beneath a single hipped roof.

Drawings 125 and 136 show a larger dairy with an interior measuring 24 feet in diameter. The drawings are unfinished, with the scalding room in pencil. Drawings 125 and 126 were probably made as studies by a pupil rather than for the actual construction of the building.

The ground plan of the premises on drawing 81 shows an existing dairy in the outbuildings between the brew house and the 'maid's room to breakfast &c'.



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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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Contents of Variant designs for the dairy, one presented to Lord Abercorn in September 1797 (5)