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Reference number

SM 53/3/29

Purpose

[506] Memorandum, New Law Courts, 7-15 May 1824

Aspect

Memorandum to the Chancellor of the Exchequer from John Soane, expressing his observations on the design of the New Law Courts at Westminster, the choice of style for the latter, of new buildings to the east of Westminster Hall, and the actions of the Select Committee

Inscribed

New Courts of Law at Westminster. / In submitting the following observations to the Chancellor of the Exchequer it / would be injustice to that Right Honorable Gentleman not to notice, that he has / exonerated Mr Soane from any blame upon the subject of the New Building; - at the / same time it must be recollected that the Lords of the Treasury sanctioned his Plan / and adopted it on his recommendation, and from confidence in his professional ability: - / Mr Soane must therefore in a great degree partake of the blame, if blame is really / applicable. In forming a correct judgement on the subject of the additional Buildings / connected with Westminster Hall, two questions present themselves, First, In what / style the exterior of the New Buildings should be erected, - whether with a Gothic / Façade, or whether the style of the Old Stone Building should be continued? - / The Second question is, - whether a corresponding Wing should be erected on the / East side of Westminster Hall? - To determine these questions it may be affirmed, First, - that the Front of Westminster / Hall should be left to itself, “unmixed with baser matter” and be as much insulated / as possible, - Secondly, that any New Building should be subordinate to the Front / of Westminster Hall. – From these data it follows, that if the additional / Building has a Gothic Façade it will enter into competition with the Front of / Westminster Hall, and like a Pigmy compared with A Giant, both will suffer by the comparison. – If on the contrary the exterior is made to correspond with the Old / Stone Building, the Front of Westminster Hall, rising majestically above the surrounding / objects will retain its imposing aspect. As to the second question, - If a corresponding Wing be erected, it will exclude / all the beauty of the Eastside of Westminster Hall, and render the approach to the / Speaker’s House very much confined, whereas by taking down the Duchy of Lancaster / buildings, and leaving the space open a very large part of the magnificent East Front / of Westminster Hall will be exposed to the view of “all those who enter the Metropolis / by Westminster Bridge”, and the exterior of the Speaker’s House with the beautiful / Cloister (verso) Cloister will add to the splendor of the scene, and this assemblage of the sublime / exertions of our Ancestors produce a striking effect on the minds of the beholders / whilst the Court Yard, enclosed with massive railing, improves the convenience of the Speaker’s Mansion. – The Rooms that will be taken from the Speaker’s / House by opening the Cloister as propose, might be easily supplied by Additional / Rooms nearer the River, and the Duchy of Lancaster, the Exchequer, and any other / Buildings that may hereafter be required, might be erected next the River, and be / composed in a style so as to increase the splendor of Westminster Hall. The Committee in their Report to the House of Commons state, that they “are / “well aware how difficult and hazardous a task it is to place modern Gothic by the / “side of such a structure as Westminster Hall”, and it is presumed that it has been / shewn that any such attempt would tend to destroy the magnificence of Westminster / Hall; - if however it should be determined to Gothicise the Front of the New Building, and to finish the North West Angle with a Tower, surely that Tower / should not be of an octangular form, but square, to correspond in form, but not in / dimension, with the Towers of Westminster Hall.

Signed and dated

Lincoln's Inn Fields / 26th. May. 1824. dated in accordance with corresponding Day Book entries

Medium and dimensions

Pen, red pen, on wove paper (355 x 476)

Hand

George Bailey (1792 - 1860), draughtsman
The Day Book entries for 7 - 15 May 1824 note that George Bailey was Writing Statements relating / to the New Courts.

Verso

continuation of Memorandum to the Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Notes

At the date of this memorandum, the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer was held by the Honorable Frederick John Robinson. A note in the Day Books records that Soane had an appoinment with the latter on 10 May 1824. The Day Book entries for the first half of May 1824 record that the task of compiling written materials to justify Soane's position with regard to the Law Courts was deligated to George Bailey. The entries from 7 - 15 May inclusive variously refer to the drafting of Statements [sic], a Statement and a Memorial. If the latter nomenclatire refers to a specific document, it could well be this one.

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation. This catalogue of Soane’s designs for the New Law Courts was generously funded by The Worshipful Company of Mercers and The Pilgrim Trust.

If you have any further information about this object, please contact us: drawings@soane.org.uk

Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).