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  • image Image 1 for SM 65/1/14
  • image Image 2 for SM 65/1/14
  • image Image 1 for SM 65/1/14
  • image Image 2 for SM 65/1/14

Reference number

SM 65/1/14


[40] Design for an octagonal dairy as drawing [38]


Plan of the Dairy, three Elevation[s] of the Dairy with pencil amendments by Soane (verso, pencil) alternative plans including a triangular plan .


bar scale of 1/5 inch to 1 foot


as above, Henry Peters Esqr, labelled Dairy and Scalding Room, a few dimensions given and (pencil) Stained Glass, Ground falls -- flat -- 22 feet (partly illegible)

Signed and dated

  • 11/08/1798
    Lincolns Inn Fields Augst 11 1798

Medium and dimensions

Pen, burnt umber, sepia and red washes, shaded, added pencil, pricked for transfer on wove paper with two fold marks (531 x 621)


The office Day Book entry for 11 August 1798 has: Mansfield and Seward as working on Betchley Castle, That is, George Mansfield, surveyor 1 May 1797 - December 1800 and Henry Hake Seward (1778-1848), pupil and assistant May 1794 - September 1808


An elevation shows the scalding room with a pitched roof. The pencil amendments by Soane are for the link between the dairy and the scalding room so that the plain wall and pitched roof is replaced by columns (supporting a cistern) or by an arch. The mention of 'stained glass' seems extravagant but it would have excluded sunlight and helped to keep the dairy cool and too, dairies intended for the amusement of the ladies were often decorative.

The verso of this drawing has some (feint pencil) plans for the dairy including a triangular plan having three concave sides with straight ends. Soane used this plan form early on for a' Preliminary design for a bath?', 1778-80 (45/1/18). A simpler triangular plan with straight sides was used for a doghouse at Downhill, County Derry (P13) and for a lodge at Pell Wall (62/8/2-4 (qqq.v). In his Designs in Architecture...1778, plate xii, Soane published his design for a tea room, triangular on plan with concave sides.



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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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