The Adam family had previously worked for the Hopes in the remodelling of Hopetoun House in Linlithgowshire. As a young architect William Adam Snr was employed by Charles 1st Earl of Hopetoun, to oversee the extensive alterations and additions to the house, beginning in January 1721. With alterations continuing until 1767, the death of the 1st Earl in 1742 and William Adam’s own death in 1748 meant that the project passed to their sons, with John Adam principally executing the interiors for John, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun.
Within the Adam collection, SM Adam volume 3/85 records preliminary designs for interior elements for Hopetown House in Robert Adam’s hand. This includes two designs for chimneypieces with elaborate baroque mantels, a wrought-iron stair balustrade, and a patera design for a ceiling.
The drawings for this scheme are undated, although Robert Adam’s letter to the third Earl regarding the alterations would suggest a date post 1781.
James Hope-Johnstone, 3rd Earl of Hopetoun was born on 23 August 1741 at the family’s estate in Linlithgowshire. The second son to John Hope, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun (d. 1781) and his wife Anne (nee Ogilvy), he was educated at home by tutors, before travelling with his eldest brother Charles from 1762-1766. Upon the death of his brother in 1766, James was made Lord Hope. He married Lady Elizabeth Carnegie in the August of that same year, with whom he would go on to have a family of six daughters.
As his father’s heir, Hope took on the management of the family estates, which included the lucrative lead mines in Leadhills and Lanarkshire. Upon his father’s death in 1781 he succeeded to the title, becoming 3rd Earl of Hopetoun.
In 1784 he embarked upon a political career, standing as a Scottish representative peer until 1790. Hope was known to be an independent voter, successfully introducing a motion for the reaffirmation of the 1709 Scottish Peerage Bill in 1787, and opposing the Regency Bill of 1788.
In 1793, following the outbreak of the French revolutionary wars, Hope played an instrumental role as part of a Royal commission for the raising of seven Scottish regiments, forming the Hopetoun fencibles in response. The following year he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Linlithgowshire, and in 1803 his military efforts were acknowledged with the new title, Baron Hopetoun.
Further to his political and military careers, Hope was involved in the foundation of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
On 29 May 1816, Hope died at the family estate, Hopetoun House, and was succeeded by his younger brother, John Hope.
A.T. Bolton, The architecture of Robert and James Adam, 1922, Volume II, Index pp. 18, 40, 75; A. Rowan, ‘The Building of Hopetoun’, Architectural History, Vol. 27 (1984) pp 183-209; Katharine Eustace, ‘Robert Adam, Charles-Louis Clerisseau, Michael Rysback and the Hopetoun Chimneypiece’, The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 139 (Nov. 1997) pp. 743-752; D. King, The complete works of Robert James Adam & unbuilt Adam , 2001, Volume I p. 296, Volume II, p. 121; ‘Johnstone, James-Hope, third earl of Hopetoun (1741-1816)’, oxforddnb.com; ‘James Hope, 3rd Earl of Hopetoun’, www.npg.org.uk; hopetoun.co.uk/about/history; '16 Cavendish Square W1’, www.historicengland.org.uk (accessed November 2019)
Anna McAlaney, 2019
Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.
Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).
Contents of Harley Street, number 1 (now 2) and Cavendish Square number 16, London, designs for exterior and interior alterations for James Hope-Johnstone, 3rd Earl of Hopetoun, ND (9)
- Designs and unfinished designs for alterations to a house, ND (8)
- Design for a porte cochère for a house, ND, executed (1)