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Variant design for the stables, 27 January 1790 (6)


Drawings 19 to 24 are a revised design for the stables, with the same dimensions as in drawings 14 to 18 and roughly the same layout. The principal differences between this design and that made a month earlier are at the front elevation and the layout of the north range. At the south entrance front, the clock tower measures three feet wider than in the previous design, and narrow windows no longer light the interior of the stairwell. In the north range, the ride and stables are rearranged so that the ride is at the rear, as in Soane's design for Skelton Castle, 1788 (q.v). This new layout affords better lighting for both stables and ride, with the 14 hunting stables moved so as to face the interior court and the ride benefiting from a good range of lunette windows to the outside. The revised positioning also allows the ride between 9 and 13½ additional inches in width, and it no doubt eases communication between the stables. The layout of the first floor is rearranged in response to the ground floor; the rooms are also made slightly narrower and the 'corn chambers' of drawing 15 are omitted.

Pencil drawings on the plans and elevations show rough designs for the roofs.

As in drawings 14 to 17, the plans and elevations have running dimensions, suggesting that they could have been made to estimate the quantity and price of bricks required for the building.

Drawing 18 and 23 have coloured washes to indicate the materials, the stables constructed of brick with stone lintels and floors and some door frames in timber. Drawing 23 shows the internal structure of the roofs and tower. The roof over the north range is a queen post structure with iron straps at both ends of the tie-beam (see drawing 26). An urn crowns the flat top and serves as a chimney. The south clock tower is rectangular in plan with a Doric column at each corner. Springing from the barrel-vaulted entrance building, it measures 20 feet high (from the roof of the entrance building to the eave) and 9 feet 3 inches by 14 feet 1½ inches wide. The tower measures approximately 51 feet 8 inches from the top of the roof to the ground.



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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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Contents of Variant design for the stables, 27 January 1790 (6)