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Hackwood Park, Hampshire: unexecuted designs for a cottage and a lodge for the 6th Duke of Bolton, 1777 (5)

Signed and dated

  • 1777


Hackwood Park was built for the 1st Duke of Bolton (1603-87), probably by William Talman (1650-1719). It retains its original composition with a hipped roof and wings at right angles, but the south front was remodelled in the eighteenth century by John Vardy, and there were further alterations in the early nineteenth century by Samuel and Lewis Wyatt. Robert Adam was engaged by the 6th Duke of Bolton (1720-94), and he made designs for two small buildings in the park, a lodge and a cottage. Neither was executed.

The five drawings for the Duke's unexecuted cottage and lodge at Sir John Soane's Museum are the only known Adam designs for Hackwood Park. There is, however, a design for a rustic building at the V&A, which Rowan has identified as characteristic of rustic Adam buildings of the 1770s, other examples are for the Earl of Harborough, Lord Wemyss, Mr Dalzell and Samuel Smith.

See also: Bolton House, London

A.T. Bolton, The architecture of Robert and James Adam, 1922, Volume II, Index p. 15; M. Bullen, J. Crook, R. Hubbuck, and N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Hampshire: Winchester and the north, 2010, pp. 304-309; R. White, 'John Vardy, 1718-1765: Palladian into Rococo', in R. Brown (ed.)., The architectural outsiders, 1985, pp. 75-76; A. Rowan, Robert Adam: catalogues of architectural drawings in the Victoria and Albert Museum, 1988, p. 42; D. King, The complete works of Robert & James Adam and unbuilt Adam, 2001, Volume II, pp. 218, 253

Frances Sands, 2011



Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

If you have any further information about this object, please contact us: drawings@soane.org.uk

Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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Contents of Hackwood Park, Hampshire: unexecuted designs for a cottage and a lodge for the 6th Duke of Bolton, 1777 (5)