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  • image SM volume 109/61

Reference number

SM volume 109/61


[8/3] Preparatory design for the enlargement of the hospital southwards with a central, cruciform chapel joined to an oval court, which would have connected at the north end to the colonnades of the William and Mary Courts.


Half-elevation of the north front of the chapel and court, corresponding to the plan at [8/1], and showing the west half of the entire court, as viewed from the baseline of the plan, and including a section through the ground-level structure that would have linked the south ends of the two colonnades with the new 'Chapel Court'.


10 feet to 1 inch


In pen and brown ink by Hawksmoor at bottom left, on main sheet (verso of 109/63), Scale 10.f in one Inch / put A under B. which enlarges ye Margin . C; and with letters A and B below and above vertical lines on axis of tower to right, and C to right of this bay; and with dimensions in ink, 13 . 6, and 10; and in graphite, vertically, above left side of right-hand block, West End of ye West / [above:] South Dor; and below this, beneath base line, King W, and beneath base line with letters against vertical construction lines, a, B, D; and on elevation (once) and to right of elevation (twice), Terras; and with H against horizontal line at base of tower; and in ink in C19 hand at top left of sheet bearing chapel elevation, 61.

Signed and dated

  • Undated but datable 1711

Medium and dimensions

Pen and brown ink over graphite under-drawing, with grey-brown wash, and some additions in graphite; on laid paper, in three joined and pasted sheets. The main sheet is the right two-thirds, with a central fold (495 x 740), and is the verso of 109/62). It overlaps the left sheet (495 x 355), the verso of 109/63. Overlapping and pasted onto both sheets is that bearing the elevation of the chapel and part of the elevation of the colonnade and front (north side) wall (385 x 495). This sheet is a rectangle with a section 35 mm deep removed from its bottom right-hand half, to fit around the elevation of the front arched wall of the court and the section through the lower part of the one-bay link with the south end of the colonnade of the south dormitory. The sheets are joined with lumps of sealing wax, visible through the paper SM volume 109/61. Overall dimensions, 497 x 1070




Drawings 109/62 and 109/63


Main sheet, Strasbourg Lily / 4WR; IHS / IVILLEDARY; left sheet, IHS / IVILLEDARY


This half-elevation of the proposed new south court and chapel is drawn at twice the scale of the plan, [8/1]. The latter bears construction lines marked A to F, which correpond to those beneath the base line on this drawing, marked a to D. On the verso of [7/6] is an intermediate study for the development of this elevation from [8/1].

The design of the chapel in this elevation is still at a preliminary stage. Hawksmoor's starting point may have been his sketched elevation and perspective of a peripteral Doric chapel at [7/1]. His turrets, flanking the pediment, are based on those of his revised first enlargement scheme; see [7/2, 3 and 5]. At the next stage in the design, [8/2], he made this level a continuous attic, with turrets above. He then added the dome (see south elevation at Castle Howard, Wren Society, XVII, pl. 51).

In a graphite sketch next to the right side of the turret, Hawksmoor changed the channelling in the necking of the Doric capitals to a line of tall leaves. He used this hybrid Doric and Corinthian capital on his west elevation of the chapel, [8/2].


Downes 1979, cat. no. 335, and pp.91-4. Wren Society, VI, pl. 37



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