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  • image SM 30/2/92

Reference number

SM 30/2/92


[81] Working drawing for the wells and drains at Bentley Priory


Ground plan


bar scale of 1/10 inch to 1 foot


The Marquiss of Abercorn, A general description and ground plan of Bentley Priory, t Is a plan of the spring which serves the / house with water at u the spring rises / & filters itself thro: a quantity of chalk f----s / & runs into the cistern which will hold 40 - / the water is brot down in elm pipes to v; from / thence in a 2 in lead pipe as on the --- to w in / which corner there is a cock to empty these cisterns & / the pipe continued up to the cistern which / serves the mazzenine [sic] closet from thence to / a cistern below it & the over filling to the / soil pippes at the bottom of which is a large / trap - there is a continual ---- in / these pipes, plan labelled 14 inc gun barrel, 14 in gun barrel, wood pipes 4 m mo, lettered a to z corresponding to key: A Entrance gate, B Covered way, C lobby, E Confectioner's apartment, F Steward's bedroom, G Mr Tull's bed room, H Staircase to principal floor old building, I Strong closet, KKKK Ale wine cellars, L Butler's pantry, M Shoe room &c, N Coal vault, O Marquis's dressing room, P Cold bath, which is supplyed with water from the two wells PP the / pipe from these wells by low & come in near the bottom of the / bath; there is a continual stream in & out of this bath / the waste runs of[f] at a pipe under the window & is so / constructed that it answers as a trap- observe the section of the / wall, you will there see how the waste pipe & stop cock is managed / this cock must always be stop'd unless the bath is cleaned & want / filling immediately - the waste pipe when acting always / leave a sufficient quantity to fill this bath and by / taking of the overstu- it always keeps the water good, R Is a Hot Bath, this & the copper, is fed with water from the spring, & as the plan will show- this copper divours / its own steam, S Marqus's study, T Water closet, U Bed room, for Groom of the Chambers, W Bed room for the Butler, X Housemaid's closet, Y Servant's hall, Z Still Room, aaa House-keeper's apartments, b Steward's Room, c Back stairs to Music Room & Organ Loft, d Small beer cellar, ee Ale cellars, f Kitchen, g China closet, h Scullery, iii Larders, k Coal house, l Engine house, m Dairy, n Scalding Room, o Maid's room to breakfast &c, p Brew house, r Well to serve brew house, s Cistern & pump

Signed and dated

  • 1790-1798
    datable to 1790-1798 (see Notes)

Medium and dimensions

Pen and black, blue and pink washes on verso of wallpaper (1274 x 554)


Soane Office, draughtsman
Soane office



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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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