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  • image SM (3) 10/7/11

Reference number

SM (3) 10/7/11


Preliminary design for an entrance vestibule, 6 January 1801


3 Plan of the Front Court; half-longitudinal section; (pencil) side elevation and part interior elevation


bar scale


Plan of the Front Court, Pay Hall, Vestibule, Mr Billings apt, Gateway, Porter's Lodge, Garden Court, labelled (Soane): Qy small / Ent[rance?], Open (three times), Seat (six times) and dimensions given

Signed and dated

  • Bank 3d Jany 1801 and Jany 6: 1801


Soane office and Soane


The survey drawing of the Front Court has been overlaid, in Soane's hand, with a design for an entrance vestibule. The hall is cruciform in plan, consisting of an apsidal-ended hall with short arms. Doors are positioned at the east end of the cruciform shape, with the main entrance to the south. The middle of the south wall is permeable, partly open to the exterior, with two cross-vaulted bays linking with the existing entrance building. Seating has been included around the periphery, suggesting that the hall was intended as a place for the public to congregate.



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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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