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  • image SM 39/1/79

Reference number

SM 39/1/79


[1] Survey drawing


The Plan of the Ground Floor of House in St James Square / Samuel Thornton


bar scale of 1/6 inch to 1 foot


as above, labelled: Area, Eating Room, Mr Thornton's / dressing Room, Water / Closet, Dressing Room, Garden and Garden, Passage / to the / offices, area, Kitchen, Stable, Coourt, Coachouse, Mews and dimensions given

Signed and dated

  • 00/06/1799
    Lincolns Inn Fields June 1799

Medium and dimensions

Pen, sepia and blue washes, pricked for transfer on wove paper (650 x 542)


Henry Hake Seward (1778 - 1848)
Pupil and assistant May 1794 - September 1808.


Presumably there were survey drawings of other floors in particular the first floor for which designs were also made but if so they have not survived. However, a survey drawing made in 1808 (see [6]) shows that the kitchen and stable, as usual, lay behind the house. More interesting is that a comparison between the two survey drawings shows no changes whatever. Some of the dimensions vary by an inch or so but otherwise they are virtually identical.



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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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