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  • image SM Adam volume 29/55

Reference number

SM Adam volume 29/55


[4] Design for the north east front of a castle, c1782, unexecuted


Elevation of an eleven-bay building with a part-sunken basement and a raised ground-storey level. The castellated central five bays form a two-and-a-half-storey rotunda, and this is surmounted by a conical roof bearing a weather vane. At the ground-storey level the rotunda has a balustraded arcade with a central semi-circular-headed entrance flanked by semi-circular-headed windows set within. The entrance is accessed via a pair of curved staircases forming and arch, with balustrades ornamented with square panels enclosing rosettes(?) At the first-storey level there is a frieze of fluting and of tablets ornamented with lozenges enclosing quatrefoil, with half-height windows above. In the upper register there is a band of rosettes and quarter-height windows, with a band of fluting above. The central rotunda is flanked by narrow bays, with quarter-height windows at the basement storey level, and narrow, balustraded, full-height windows set within relieving arches at the ground-storey level. At the first-storey level there are narrow, half-height windows, with a band of fluting and cross-shaped windows above. Beyond this there are two-storey, single-bays, with quarter-height windows at the basement-storey level. At the ground-storey level there are balustraded, full-height windows, with string courses of fluting and half-height windows above. The building terminates in two-and-a-half-storey, single-bay, square turrets. The turret to the north is surmounted by a pyramidal roof. At the basement-storey level the turrets contains Diocletian windows, with balustraded narrow windows set within relieving arches at the ground-storey level. Above this there is a frieze of lozenges enclosing quatrefoil, and narrow half-height windows and quarter-height windows set within relieving arches, with bands of rosettes set in between


bar scale of 1 1/4 inches to 10 feet


North East front of a New Design for Banner Castle in Yorkshire / (and in the hand of William Adam, underwritten in pencil) the Seat of Lord John Murray

Signed and dated

  • c1782
    Adelphi (damaged) c1782

Medium and dimensions

Pen and pencil on laid paper (505 x 334)


Office hand, possibly Robert Morison, with part title inscription in the hand of William Adam


Bolton, 1922, Volume II, Index p. 3
King, 2001, Volume II, p. 161
For a full list of literature references see scheme notes.



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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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