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image S54.B

Badge of Henry VIII, a lozenge shaped stained glass 'quarry', English, c.1530

Clear glass with black paint and yellow stain.

Museum number: S54.B

Curatorial note

This is a Tudor badge, a hawthorn bush fructed and crowned between the r and h for Rex Henricus. Several badges of this type with r and h, or r and e are in the side chapels of King's College, Cambridge, and others are at Strawberry Hill, Twickenham, and in the Local History Museum, Richmond, Surrey.

This is one of four small lozenge-shaped quarries (see S54, SG54.A, and SG54.C, see also L133 and X255). These are amongst the few pieces of English glass in Soane’s collection.

MS Inventory ‘AB’ dated March 1837 (a fair copy produced from a number of drafts prepared between 1835 and 1837) produced by George Bailey, first Curator of Sir John Soane’s Museum, the earliest record of the Museum’s collections, dated two months after Sir John Soane’s death, lists amongst the works of art in the Study: 54, 54*, 54** and 54*** Four lozenge shaped quarries with devices stained in yellow hung to sash. His entry is annotated by Wild One glass broken out J.A.W. June ’78 (S54.C). Bonomi’s 1875 Inventory repeats the Bailey entry without comment, implying the four quarries are still hung in the Study window. When Bonomi’s Inventory was checked by George Birch in 1874-75, he ticked the entry to indicate that the items were present but added in drawer. Spiers installed the three intact quarries (SG54.A, SG54.B and SG54.D) in the Hall when he re-arranged the glass there in 1908.

The source of these panels is not known but it is significant that Bailey, thought that they ought to be numbered and listed with the Works of Art: the only pieces of glass to be included. This was presumably because they were regarded as being of value as older than the other glass and perhaps of English antiquarian interest.


Catalogue of the Stained Glass in Sir John Soane's Museum, Special Issue of the Journal of Stained Glass 2004, pp 282-283

If you have any further information about this object, please contact us: worksofart@soane.org.uk