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Model of the Temple of Hera (the so-called Basilica), Paestum, attributed to Domenico Padiglione c.1820
Museum number: MR22
This model shows one of the three, well-preserved early Greek Doric temples in the former Greek colony of Poseidonia (known as Paestum to the Romans), which lies about 85 kilometres to the south of Naples. The Temple of Hera is the oldest of the three temples and dates to the 6th century BC. Sir John Soane, as a young man, visited the site in 1779 and sketched and measured the three temples. Despite Sir John Soane’s initial, negative reaction to the temples at Paestum, he began to incorporate the early Greek Doric order that he saw there into his designs as early as 1779. Later, in his lectures given at the Royal Academy he cited this temple on numerous occasions.
John Soane Architect: Master of Space and Light, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 11 September - 3 December 1999; Centro Palladio, Vicenza, April - August 2000; Hôtel de Rohan, Paris, January - April 2001; Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montreal, 16 May - 3 September 2001; Real Academia des Bellas Artes, Madrid, October - December 2001
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