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ST. LUKE'S HOSPITAL FOR LUNATICS
[Reasons for the establishing and further encouragement. 1785]
Reasons for the establishing and further encouragement of St. Luke's Hospital for Lunaticks. Together with the rules and orders for the government thereof.
[London]: 1785.
40 p., fold. engr. frontis., fold. letterpress table ; 18.3 cm. (4º)

With a list of the governors, and annual benefactors. The original institution was on the north side of Upper Moorfields, called Windmill Hill, facing Worship Street. Following the expiry of the lease it moved into new, designs by George Dance the Younger for larger premises at Old Street were approved in 1782, and the first patients were transferred in 1787. See J. Lever, Catalogue of the drawings of George Dance the Younger (1741--1825) ... from the collection of Sir John Soane's Museum (London 2003), cat. 34, pp. 114--123; C. Stevenson, Medicine and magnificence: British hospital and asylum architecture, 1660-1815 (Yale University Press 2000), pp. 97--105. As a pupil in Dance's office, Soane had worked on his master's design for the hospital and the Finsbury estate, and his own designs for the building were to be among those of his youth included in J.M. Gandy's 1820 watercolour of 'Architectural visions of early fancy' (SM P81; reproduced in Margaret Richardson and MaryAnne Stevens, eds., John Soane architect: master of space and light, exh. cat. Royal Academy of Arts, London 1999, ref. 211, no. 7 in key diagram). Soane's interest in hospitals and asylums had a professional as well as a philanthropic character and the several works of this nature in the library can be reviewed in the context of the social and political efforts that culminated in the passing of Wynne's 'County Asylum Act' of 1808 and the work of figures such as John Howard (q.v.) and Sir George Paul (q.v.).

Copy Notes Bound (1) with later edition of 1798 (q.v.).

Binding C20th navy blue pebble-grained book-cloth, gilt-lettered spine.

Reference Number 159


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