In 1720 Dodington had inherited Eastbury, Dorset, from his financier uncle, George Dodington (1658-1720). The house was completed, at a cost of £140,000, by Roger Morris (1695-1749), having been started by his uncle in 1718 to designs by Sir John Vanbrugh (1644-1726). Morris was also to build Dodington's house in Hammersmith, La Trappe, located beside the River Thames. According to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography in both properties, as well as his townhouse on Pall Mall, Melcombe 'surrounded himself in tasteless splendour'.
In 1757-61 Dodington (later Melcombe) was in correspondence with the Earl of Bute, and was also friends with the Duke of Argyll, and it was most likely through one of these connections that shortly before his death in 1762, he employed Robert Adam to make designs for La Trappe. These were for a large and ornamental garden pavilion, and a chimneypiece for his dressing room. The dressing room chimneypiece was not executed, but it is possible that the designs for garden pavilion were. In a recent presentation of research at the Paul Mellon Centre, Clare Hornsby provided evidence of a Doric Temple on the estate. Whether this was executed to Adam's surviving designs is perfectly possible, but not known.
Plans and elevatons of the house (later called Brandenburg House) are given in the fourth volume of Vitruvius Britannicus (1767). Melcombe died at La Trappe, and everything but the Eastbury estate - which was entailed to Richard Grenville, 1st Earl Temple - was inherited by his cousin, Thomas Wyndham. La Trappe was demolished in 1822, from which time there survives a demolition sale catalogue, and Cherry and Pevsner describe it as 'lost without trace'.
J. Woolfe, and J. Gandon, Vitruvius Britannicus IV, 1767, p. 5 and pls. 26-27; A.T. Bolton, The architecture of Robert and James Adam, 1922, Volume II, Index pp. 39, 80; J. Fleming, Robert Adam and his circle, 1962, pp. 255, 367; B. Cherry, and N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: London 3: north west, 1991, p. 227; J. Ingamells, A dictionary of British and Irish travellers in Italy 1701-1800, 1997, p. 304; D. King, The complete works of Robert & James Adam and unbuilt Adam, 2001, Volume II, p. 215; C. Hornsby and R. Rodrigues, 'Neo-classical Display in the Suburbs: Recreating a Lost Adam Garden Temple Built for George Bubb Dodington', Paul Mellon Centre research lunch, 26 October 2018; C. Hornsby, ‘Antiquarian extravagance revisited: La Trappe in Hammersmith’ forthcoming in the Georgain Group Journal, 2018
Frances Sands, 2011
Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.
Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).
Contents of La Trappe (later Brandenburg House), Hammersmith, Middlesex: designs for a garden pavilion, possibly executed, and a dressing room chimneypiece for George Bubb Dodington, Lord Melcombe, 1762 (9)
- Finished drawings for a garden pavilion, 1762, possibly executed (5)
- Finished drawings for ceilings for a garden pavilion, 1762, possibly executed (3)
- Design for a chimneypiece for Lord Melcombe's dressing room, c1762, unexecuted (1)