The original house at Eastwell Park had been built by Sir Thomas Moyle in the 1540s. To this, alterations were made in c1685 by the 3rd(?) Earl of Winchilsea to designs by William Winde (d1722). By the 1770s, Finch Hatton must have felt that the house was in need of replacement or modernisation, as in 1774 he commissioned Robert Adam to make various designs for rebuilding. These comprise a variety of castle style and neo-classical designs, but each was rejected.
Eastwell was finally rebuilt by George Finch Hatton in 1793-1800 to designs by Adam’s former draughtsman, Joseph Bonomi (1739-1808). Bonomi’s designs for the house are included in George Richardson’s first volume of New Vitruvius Britannicus (1802-8). To this, neo-Jacobean additions were made for the 10th Earl of Winchilsea in 1849 to designs by William Burn (1789-1870). The 11th Earl left Eastwell in 1768 and was declared bankrupt in 1780. The house was leased first by the Duke of Abercorn, and then Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, the second son of Queen Victoria. The house was demolished following a fire in 1926, and replaced in 1926-28 with a neo-Elizabethan house known as Eastwell Manor, to designs by Major B.C. Deacon (ND). This now serves as a country house hotel.
A.T. Bolton, The architecture of Robert and James Adam, 1922, Volume II, Index pp. 10, 71; J. Newman, The buildings of England: north east and east Kent, 1983, p. 309; D. King, The complete works of Robert & James Adam and unbuilt Adam, 2001, Volume II, pp. 124, 145-149, 162; ‘Finch Hatton, George (1747-1823), of Eastwell Park, nr. Ashford, Kent’, History of Parliament online
Frances Sands, 2014
Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.
Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).
Contents of Eastwell Park, Boughton Leeds, Kent: unexecuted alternative schemes for rebuilding the house for George Finch Hatton, 1774 (14)
- Preliminary designs, design and finished drawings for a castle style scheme for the house, 1774, unexecuted (8)
- Preliminary design and designs for a neo-classical scheme for the house with quadrant links, 1774, unexecuted (4)
- Alternative design for a neo-classical scheme for the house with straight links, 1774, unexecuted (1)