Thynne lived at 30 Curzon Street. From 1715 the land formerly known at Great Brookfield came into the possession of Sir Nathaniel Curzon of Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire. Curzon Street was developed between the early 1720s and the 1790s. Number 30 was built in 1750-55 by an unknown architect. It is a six-bay house, being four storeys over a sunk basement, with a rusticated ground storey, alternating triangular and segmental pediments over the first-storey windows, and with a single-bay Doric porch over the ground-storey front door, which is off centre in the fifth bay. Thynne gave the house new interior decoration in 1771-73 to designs by Robert Adam. Thynne’s brother, the 3rd Viscount Weymouth was married to Lady Elizabeth Cavendish-Bentinck, the eldest daughter of the 2nd Duke of Portland, Adam’s patron for the unexecuted designs for Portland House, New Cavendish Street, London in c1770. It may have been through this connection with his sister-in-law’s family that Thynne came to be acquainted with Adam.
At 30 Curzon Street, Adam made designs for interior decoration, plate and furniture, including his magnificent segmentally vaulted drawing room, with plasterwork by Joseph Rose, which survives on the first storey at the front of the house. Adam’s interior decoration to the entrance hall also survives, and there are other twentieth-century Adam-imitation interiors within the house. 30 Curzon Street has been the location of the private members’ gaming club, Crockford’s, since 1983.
A.T. Bolton, The architecture of Robert and James Adam, 1922, Volume II, index pp. 36, 89; E. Harris, The furniture of Robert Adam, 1963, Index pp. 54, 98; B. Weinreb, and C. Hibbert, The London encyclopaedia, 1983, p. 224; D. King, The complete works of Robert & James Adam and unbuilt Adam, 2001, Volume I, pp. 307, 315-317; S. Bradley, and N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: London 6: Westminster, 2003, pp. 517-519; ‘City of Westminster, Curzon Street’, British listed buildings online; ‘Thynne, Hon. Henry Frederick (1735-1826), of Compsford, Glos.’ History of Parliament online
Frances Sands, 2014
Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.
Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).
Contents of Curzon Street, number 30, Westminster: designs for interior decoration, furniture and plate for the Hon. Henry Frederick Thynne, 1771-73 (18)
- Preliminary design and finished drawings for the ceiling and walls of the drawing room, 1771, executed with minor alterations (2)
- Design for an overmantel mirror frame for the drawing room, 1771; it is not known if this design was executed (1)
- Design and finished drawing for the pier glass for the drawing room, 1771; it is not known if this design was executed (2)
- Record drawing for friezes for the drawing room and dining room, ND (1)
- Preliminary design for a mirror frame for the dining room, c1771-72; it is not known if this design was executed (1)
- Alternative designs for an overmantel mirror frame for the ante room, 1771; it is not known if this design was executed (2)
- Preliminary design and design for a mirror frame for the bedchamber, 1771; it is not known if this design was executed (2)
- Design for a bed, 1772; it is not known if this design was executed (1)
- Design for a mirror frame for an unknown room, 1771; it is not known if this design was executed (1)
- Alternative preliminary design and designs for plate, 1773; it is not known if these designs were executed (4)