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image SM volume 69/53

Reference number

SM volume 69/53


[16] Preliminary presentation drawing of the water reservoir, 17 January 1800


Topographical perspective

Signed and dated

  • 17 January 1800
    Janry 17th 1800

Medium and dimensions

Pencil and wash within single-ruled pencil border on laid paper (369 x 234)


Gandy, Joseph Michael (1771--1843), draughtsman
Joseph Michael Gandy (1771-1843)


Buttanshaw 1794


Gandy made this drawing in his sketchbook several years after the building was completed. The Castello d'acqua was built of rendered brick by Thomas Poynder, bricklayer, and John Bayley, plasterer. A model of the 'Castello d'Acqua' is at the Soane Museum (1148 M), dividing vertically to show the building in section 'together with arrangements for introducing the water pipes form the passageway below' (J. Wilton-Ely, p.13).

The design included in Soane's Sketches in Architecture, 1793 (plates 41 and 42) has a slightly variant design, with round-headed alcoves on each of the six sides (rather than three) and with strigillation on the drum that supports the dome. Just as in drawing 16, the published perspective shows the building surrounded by trees.


J. Wilton-Ely, 'The Architectural Models of Sir John Soane: A Catalogue', Architectural History, Vol.12 (1969), p. 13;



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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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