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image Image 1 for SM (32) 33/1/8 (33) 33/1/5 (34) 33/1/6 (35) 33/1/7
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  • image Image 1 for SM (32) 33/1/8 (33) 33/1/5 (34) 33/1/6 (35) 33/1/7
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Reference number

SM (32) 33/1/8 (33) 33/1/5 (34) 33/1/6 (35) 33/1/7

Purpose

Presentation drawings for alterations to the library, 5 March 1794 (4)

Aspect

32 Plan 33 West elevation 34 South elevation 35 Alternative west elevation

Scale

(32-35) bar scale of 1/6 inch to 1 foot

Inscribed

32 Marquiss of Buckingham, plan labelled (upper case): Library, water closet, Lobby, and dimensions given 33 Marquiss of Buckingham, plan lettered A (twice) corresponding to A.A. Glass is needful 34 Marquiss of Buckingham, plan lettered A (twice) corresponding to A.A. Glass is needful 35 Marquiss of Buckingham, No 2 This soonest done & perhaps most in character / with the other parts of the Room

Signed and dated

(32) Lincolns Inn Fields / March 5th 1794 (33) Lindons Inn Fields / March 5 1794 (34) Lincolns Inn Fields / March 5 1794 (35) Lincolns Inn Fields / March 5th 1794

Medium and dimensions

(32) Pencil, pen and wash within quadruple-ruled and wash border on laid paper with three fold marks (282 x 220) (33-34) pencil, pen and burnt umber, sepia and grey washes, within quadruple-ruled and wash border on laid paper (285 x 224, 283 x 225) (35) pencil, pen and wash, within quadruple-ruled and wash border on laid paper (285 x 224)

Hand

Soane office and Soane

Watermark

(32, 34) fleur-de-lis (sheet trimmed) (33) cartouche with ornate W below (sheet trimmed)

Notes

Drawings 32 to 35 are for alterations to the library, with round-headed mirrored panels over the doors and bookcases. The north and west sides of the room have alcoves lined with bookcases. Soane has provided two alternative designs for the west alcove, showing it framed by either Ionic columns or a round-headed arch. A note on drawing 35 reports that the latter design may be finished more quickly and is also 'perhaps most in character with the other parts of the room'. Despite Soane's suggestion, the client chose the design with columns, drawing 33 (see drawing 43).

The south-east corner of the ground floor has been partitioned and rearranged. The original library occupied all four bays of this corner, as shown on drawing 14. In the proposed plan (drawing 32), a secondary staircase is added and a small anti-room is included to the west. The water closet is rearranged to make room for a lobby with a direct communication from the stairwell to this new library.

Level

Drawing

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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