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image Image 1 for SM (39) volume 77/58 (40) volume 77/ 54 (41) volume 77/55 (42) volume 77/57
image Image 2 for SM (39) volume 77/58 (40) volume 77/ 54 (41) volume 77/55 (42) volume 77/57
image Image 3 for SM (39) volume 77/58 (40) volume 77/ 54 (41) volume 77/55 (42) volume 77/57
image Image 4 for SM (39) volume 77/58 (40) volume 77/ 54 (41) volume 77/55 (42) volume 77/57
  • image Image 1 for SM (39) volume 77/58 (40) volume 77/ 54 (41) volume 77/55 (42) volume 77/57
  • image Image 2 for SM (39) volume 77/58 (40) volume 77/ 54 (41) volume 77/55 (42) volume 77/57
  • image Image 3 for SM (39) volume 77/58 (40) volume 77/ 54 (41) volume 77/55 (42) volume 77/57
  • image Image 4 for SM (39) volume 77/58 (40) volume 77/ 54 (41) volume 77/55 (42) volume 77/57

Reference number

SM (39) volume 77/58 (40) volume 77/ 54 (41) volume 77/55 (42) volume 77/57

Purpose

Design, 24 August 1809 (4)

Aspect

39 Plan for part of the ground floor 40 Chelsea Hospital / Plan of the Chamber Floor of / a design for a new Infirmary 41 Chelsea Hospital / Plan of the Basement Floor of a / Design for a new Infirmary 42 Chelsea Hospital / Plan of the Ground Floor of a / design for a new Infirmary / according to the original outline presented to / the Lords & other Commiss[or]s for managing the affairs of / Chelsea Hospital / in April last. / by John Soane R.A.

Scale

(39-42) bar scale

Inscribed

40 as above, labelled (Hall) On the Chamber Floor are Eight / Wards each separate and distinct / calculated for the reception of / Forty Patients together with rooms / for the Nurses and Helpers / a Hot Bath and convenience / NB. In both floors the surgical / Patients are kept entirely / distinct from the other Patients, Ward / for four / Patients (six times), Lobby (twice), Washouse, Corridor (four times), nurses, Staircase (twice) and Ward for 8 Patients (twice) 41 as above, labelled (Soane) No:1, This Drawing and the others no: 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7 are / the drawings referred to in my Report, dated Augst: 24 1809 / sent under cover to George Aust Esqre for the information / of the Lords and other Commissioners for managing the / affairs of Chelsea Hospital/ John Soane, From the particular favorable circumstance / of the great declinity in the ground towards / the River I am enabled without increasing / the superficies of the building, to make an / arcade exceeding 150 feet in length, wherein / the convalescent patients, secure from / weather may enjoy the full benefit of the / pure air from the River where as well as / under the majestic Elms in the airing ground., "Batter'd with War in many an hard /campaign / Tho' the maim'd soldier quits the martial plain / Fancy restores him to the Battle's rage, / and temporary youth inflames his age, / again he fights the foe, counts o'er his scars. / Tho' Chelsea now the seat of all his wars / and fondly hanging on the lengthened tale / Re-slays his thousands", On the Basement also are apartments for the / matron, one of whose duties being to provide for the / sick, requires her Kitchen at least to be placed as / to enable the Sick to have their nourishment warm / and comfortable - here are also a Hot & Cold Bath / with their appurtenances, and several other necessary / offices, Washouse, Cold Bath, door, area (three times), Dressing / Room, arcade (eight times), Hot Bath, Staircase (twice), Coverd / way, Proj[ection], Matrons / Kitchen, Still / Room, Matron, Surgeon's / Kitchen / etc and Matron's / Parlour 42 as above, labelled No 2, NB: In this design the wards are all / separated and the rooms between / are applied to the use of the nurses etc / and the whole is proposed to be incombustible, The Ground floor is proposed to be raised / 3 steps above the level of the present Terrace, to / give the least possible inconvenience in removing / the sick from the wards into the Infirmary . _ / On this floor is a Ward entirely detached for foul Patients and also 7 other Wards separate & / distinct from each other the whole calculated, / to accomodate 42 Patients; each ward has / a through draught of air from the River / with other means of ventilation, there are / also rooms for the Physician, Surgeon, Nurse, Helpers and other necessary accommodations / such as Washouse, Water Closets, Sinks / places for Coals etc ---, Part of the original / Building lately pulled / down, proposed to be / rebuilt for / a residence / for the Physician, Whitster's House / Reservoir, artificers Sheds etc, Carriage Way etc, Part of Gordons Wall, Foul Ward / for 6 Patients, Ward / for four / patients (four times), Lobby, washouse, Corridor (five times), nurse (twice), Ward for 8 Patients (twice), apothecary, Physician, Staircase, Surgeon, Lobby, Ward / for four / Patients, Entrance / Hall, Dead / House, Lodge, The present Entrance / into the Garden, mihi turpe relinqui est

Signed and dated

(40) Copy delivered / August 24th 1809 (41) John Soane. architect. Lincolns Inn Fields, Copy delivered / August 24th 1809 (42) John Soane, architect, Lincolns Inn Fields, Copy delivered / August 24 1809

Hand

(39) Soane office (40) Richard Hall (Labourer in Trust at Chelsea, fl. 1807-1837) (41) Soane office, Soane (42) Soane office

Watermark

(42) Fellows 1804

Notes

This group of plans all show different floors of same building, with wards, matron's kitchen and other rooms all laid out. The building separated on the end is presumably still intended as a 'foul ward'.
The 'Reservoir' referred to in the inscription to drawing 42 probably indicates a body of water kept (for use in bleaching and washing) by the Whitster, particularly given the close proximity of the labels referring to each.

Level

Drawing

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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