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image Image 1 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
image Image 2 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
image Image 3 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
image Image 4 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
image Image 5 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
image Image 6 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
image Image 7 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
image Image 8 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
  • image Image 1 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
  • image Image 2 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
  • image Image 3 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
  • image Image 4 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
  • image Image 5 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
  • image Image 6 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
  • image Image 7 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15
  • image Image 8 for SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15

Reference number

SM (23) 28/2/14 (24) 28/2/18 (25) 28/2/16 (26) 28/2/15

Purpose

Variant 'first Design', preliminary design, working drawing and builder's drawing for kitchen offices, 1785 (4)

Aspect

23 Plan and four elevations 24 Plan, elevations and details inscribed (Sanders) Sketch of design for Offices and (feint pencil, verso) incomplete plan for offices 25 Plan, elevations and details inscribed (verso) Working Drawings 26 Plan, elevation and section and (verso) side elevation

Scale

(23) to a scale (24) 1/8 inch to one foot (approximately) (25) bar scale of 1/8 inch to one foot (26) to a scale see note below

Inscribed

23 (Sanders) Plan and Elevations of the Offices at Tendring Hall, labelled (? Baldwin) Section on the Line F.G., E.E. if the flues are brought / over from the Office building / into the West Wall of the / House in the walls E E they are to / be 1:10½ thick if the flues / cannot be in them, then / they are to be 1.1½ thick, Ga:[uged] Arch, Ro:[und] Arch (twice), Sett off to the house, Floor of the Room of the Basement Story of the House, Floor of the Room B.B.D, Paving in Court C, Floor of the Chambers over the Rooms &c BB, Floor of Room A, Level of the Ground in the North front, Leave two flues, To be covered with blue Pantiles, Pump, Supposed line of the Ground in its / present state, Ground in its / present state, (plan) No room over this, Leave two flues, Wood col:[umn] (twice),1.10½ for the flue and dimensions given (verso, Baldwin) Tendring Hall / Kitchen Offices / According to the first Design 24 as above, (Sanders) Tendring Hall, (labelled by Soane) (of niches) blank 9 ins deep or similar, omit this, Old Steps as at A, Setoff of Mansion house, Ped[imen]tPitch, A, Coping, old Step, Ro:[und] Arch (several times), L / End of Kitchen, O, Wood Molding to be nailed to the Poll / Plate, which plate / is to be laid flush / with the outside / Wall, (Poll or Pole Plate - piece of timber supporting the feet of common rafters) Brickwork, Jack / Arch / Gau[ged] (Jack Arch - one brick thick), 1½ brick, 2 brick, Stone weathered top, These dotted lines shew the Cieling / Joists &c, Ga: Arches, Wood, Stone, (plans) These indents to be continued / 8 feet high, Leave flush (twice), Leave / the door / in 4½ / ----- (illegible), Arch over this door / as at L, Gauged Arch (twice) and some dimensions given; verso, (Baldwin) Tendring Hall / Plan of Offices 25 as above, (Sanders) Tendring Hall / Design for the Offices, (labelled by another hand) Section on the Line D E, Gau[ged] arch, ro[und] arch, Elevation of the Front FG, Pediment Pitch, Wood, Brickwork, Wood Moulding to be nail'd to the / Pole plate, which plate is to be laid flush with the outside / Wall, Brick Cornice, Ro arch, C, Lead, End of Kitchen M, Elevation of Front H I, Section of Front K L, M M, Arch over this door, Gauged brick and dimensions given. Verso (Baldwin) Tendring Hall / Working drawings, Offices and (another hand) Mr Wm Lodder at Admiral Rowleys / Tendring Hall near Colchester 26 (Sanders) Design for the Offices at Tendring Hall and dimensions given, (verso), (Baldwin) Tendring Hall / Plan of the Offices and (builder's hand) Sir I have this moment Rcd your Draft for £30 if you (cut)

Signed and dated

(23) datable to 1784-5 (24) (builder's hand) Mr Soane Margaret Street and datable to c. November 1785 (25) datable to 1785-6 (26) datable to 1785-6

Medium and dimensions

(23) pen, light red and sepia washes, pencil on coarse laid paper with three fold marks (604 x 494) (24) Brown pen, pencil, hatching on cartridge paper with three fold marks (610 x 486) (25) pen, pink and sepia washes, pencil on cartridge with four fold marks, modern backing (605 x 457) (26) brown pen, hatching on cartridge paper with two folds (523 x 307)

Hand

(23) Baldwin ? (24) Soane (25) neither Soane nor Baldwin see note below (26) builder, William Lodder?

Notes

23 The inscription on the verso states that this scheme for the kitchen offices is 'according to the first Design'. The ill-spaced out drawing with carefully added dimensions was made by Baldwin at a stage between January 1784 when drawings 2 and 3 were made and 1785 when drawings 24 and 25 were made. So that this drawing (23) has, for example, the shallower, semicircular court and narrow detached building of the later designs. The east elevation towards the house has the columned, loggia-like front indicated on drawings 2-3 and not executed.

24 The drawing shows the kitchen offices as three buildings, well spaced out, with twin enclosed, quadrant passage and storage ways that are 7 foot 6 inches wide. No link is shown with the house, and the elevation facing it shows twin, two-storey, three-bay buildings linked by three arches while the other (courtyard side) has twin three-bay offices linked by five narrow arches. Soane's rough design is not fully drawn out so that the curved walls that form the semicircular court are in pencil and a steeper arc is projected on one side. The side elevation shows a sloping site as pencilled-in on drawing 22 and on V&A S1447.1898 (P. du Prey, op.cit, catalogue 110, plate 22). The latter has two-bay end buildings with Diocletian windows that appear also on the drawing catalogued here which must have preceded it.


25 This is a re-drawing of Soane's 'Sketch' design (24) by an experienced hand; Soane has gone over it in a feint pencil roughing out some modifications. The inscription on the verso suggests that it was to be sent to William Lodder on site. The draughtsman has not been identified but the bar scale with three dots on the main verticals is unusual though, for example, George Dance used it in his early career. Soane's 'Accompt book / from 1781' has a note 'set out with Pepys & Sanders / to Survey ...' (13 February 1785) and entries of payment to 'Pepys' of two guineas on 21 February and 8 March 1785. George Pepys assisted George Dance in the City of London office from about 1774 (D. Stroud, George Dance architect, 1741-1825, 1971, p.106,149,155-6) and was perhaps helping Soane out at a busy time when his only employee were John Sanders, a newly acquired pupil (from 1 September 1784). There was also, Soane's ghost assistant, Robert Baldwin and further cataloguing will reveal when he ceased working for Soane.
26 The purpose of the drawing is not clear. It is drawn with a firm hand but not by an architect. The plan is close to that of the preceding drawing including, for example, the addition of a pencilled-in stair. The inscribed dimensions are the same as those of drawing 24 but the fractions of an inch are not given. The elevations are simpler than in drawing 24 and a lantern or ventilator is drawn in unorthodox 'filleted' way that suggests a builder (probably a carpenter) as draughtsman, possibly the William Lodder inscribed on the verso of drawing 25. Little is known about this builder except that two natural curiosities cut from an Ash tree displayed either side of the north window to Soane's Library-Dining room at 13 Lincoln's Inn Fields were presented to Soane in 1820 by a William Lodder. For another drawing inscrbed 'Lodder' see drawing 33.

Level

Drawing

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