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image Image 1 for (2) 28/2/3 (3) 28/2/4
image Image 2 for (2) 28/2/3 (3) 28/2/4
  • image Image 1 for (2) 28/2/3 (3) 28/2/4
  • image Image 2 for (2) 28/2/3 (3) 28/2/4

Reference number

(2) 28/2/3 (3) 28/2/4

Purpose

Preliminary design for basement kitchen offices and courtyard laundry, bakehouse and brewery offices, January 1784 (2)

Aspect

2 The Plan for the Kitchen Court of Offices with part plan of basement floor 3 General plan of the Basement Story, of courtyard Offices &c

Scale

(2) bar scale of 3/16 inch to 1 foot (3) bar scale of 1/9 inch to 1 foot

Inscribed

2 as above, Tendring Hall, (Soane) A.A. Instead of these two windows / put one in the middle 5 feet wide, rooms labelled (Baldwin) Kitchen, Scullery, Lobby, Housekeeper's room, Passage (twice), Washouse & Bakehouse, Tub (five times), Dry Larder, Wet Larder, Salting Bin (twice), Laundry, Ironing board (twice), Stove, Stone, Mangle, The Kitchen Court / and / Drying Ground, The / Brewhouse / & 12 feet to the Plate, Servants / Necesary (twice), Sheds for Charcoal, Chicken Coops, Bottle Rack &c, Sheds for Coals, Wood &c, For shooting / Coals in (three times) 3 as above, Tendring Hall, rooms labelled Dressing Closet, Working Closet, Servants Hall, Cistern & Sink, Passage, Butlers Pantry, Plate Closet, Working Closet, Cistern & Sink, The Ale, Strong Beer / and / Small Beer Cellars, Subhall, Wine Cellar, French Wine Cellar, Housekeepers Room, Dreser, a linen press, China Clos.t, Lobby, Staircase, Scullery, The Kitchen, Table, Passage to the Kitchen, Washouse & Bakehouse, Larder, Laundry, The Ironing Board, Stove, Stone, Ironing board, Mangle, The Kitchen Court / and / Drying Ground, Privy (twice), Low Sheds for Charcoal, Chicken Coops, Bottle rack / &c &c, Sheds for Coals Wood &c and some dimensions given

Signed and dated

(2) Jan.y 5th 1784

Medium and dimensions

2-3 Pen, black, sepia and blue-grey washes within double ruled and sepia wash border on laid paper (563 x 440, 440 x 560)

Hand

2-3 Robert Baldwin (fl.1762-c.1804)

Watermark

2-3 J Whatman, fleur-de-lis above cartouche with bar and below, ornate W

Notes

The kitchen court shown in both drawings is virtually the same though a few dimensions vary by six inches and, for example, the dry and wet larders are merged as is shown by an erasure in the earlier drawing 2. Later designs for the kitchen court (drawings 6 and 23-26) are more or less the same though, for example, the brewhouse is divided to make a brewhouse and a laundry and the laundry becomes the bakehouse. Drawing 2 is dated 5 January 1784 and yet the first mention of Admiral Rowley in Soane's Note Books is dated 28 April 1784 - 'Called on Admiral Rowley'. Sometimes, at the beginning of a new year, the date is mis-remembered and the old year is written down. However, the plans do seem to pre-date the set of contract drawings that follow (drawings 5-9).

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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