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Reference number

SM (1) 13/1/6 (2) 13/1/5 (3) 13/1/4

Purpose

Competition design No.3 with motto 'Mihi turpe relinqui est' (3)

Aspect

1 The Basement Story of a Design for a Lunatic Hospital 2 The Ground Floor of a Design for a Lunatic Hospital / The parts distinguished by the lighter Teints (sic) are proposed to be elevated only Nine feet above the level of this / Story, excepting the Infirmarys which are supposed to be the same height as the Ground floor of the / Hospital. / This design contains 138 Cells for the Female Patients / 113 Cells for the Male ditto / (total) 251, Old Street, Area for the Women 197 feet by 146 feet, Area for the Men 197 feet by 146 feet 3 Section on the Line A,B,C,D,E,F and Elevation next Old Street

Scale

1-3 bar scale of 1/14 in to 1 ft

Inscribed

1 as above, A. Staircase for the use of the Master & Apothecarys Servants / B. do for the more convenient conveying the provisions to the Patients / C. do for the use of the Hospital / D. do from the Street to the Kitchen &c and rooms labelled: Cellars (3 times), Coals / 15 by 20 (twice), Coals / 15.9 by 19, Area (twice), Cutting room / 16.1½ by 19.7½, Small beer / Cellar / 17 by 23, Kitchen / 22.0 by 19.7½, Servants / room / 15.7½ by 16.9, Boiling room / 15.7½ by 16.9, Masters / Kitchen / 16.1½ by 9.1½, Pantry / 10.1½ by 9.1½, Apothecarys / Kitchen / 16.1 by 9.1½, Wet Larder / 16.1½ by 9.1½, Court, Washouse / 16.6 by 16, Passage to Staircase to Hospital 2 rooms labelled: Cold Bath / 16 feet square, Warming Room / 19 by 19, Common / Sink, Privy, Corridor, Warming Room / 19 by 13, Passage to Straw Chimy, Straw Chimney, Keepers room / 11 by 10.6, (entrance) Cortile, Vestibule, Physicians / Examining Rooms / 16.6, 5.0 / Masters Parlour / 16.6, 20.0, Apothecarys Parlour / 16.0 by 17.1½, Mens waiting / Room / 16 by 8 feet, Womens waiting / room 16.6 by 9:6, Matrons Parlour / 16. by 9:6, Matron's bedroom / 16.6 by 9.6, Apothecarys Shop / 16.6 by 9.6, Apothecarys Still / Room / 16.6 by 9:6, Court, Covered way to the several Wards and Infirmarys &c, Masters Garden / the Ground raised / To within one foot of the / level of this floor, Hot bath / 17.1½ by 10.6, Surgery / 17:1½by 10.6, Mens / Wardrobe, Iron Gate (twice, separating men's side from women's side), Womens / Wardrobe / 8.0 by 10.6, Mens / Hot bath / 18:3 by 10:0, Women's Infirmary 81 feet long, Surgery &c / 19 by 7.6, Straw Barn / 19 by 21, Area to the Women's Infirmary, Drying Yard for Linen &c, Men's Infirmary / 76 feet long, 19 feet (wide), Area to the Men's Infirmary, Sink, Privy, Warming Room / 19 by 13, Passage to Infirmary, Warming Room / 19 by 13, Keepers room / 11 by 10.6, Passage to Straw Chimy, Straw Chimney, Passage to Warming room, Warming Room / 19 by 19, Bonehouse, Mens Cold bath / 16 feet square, Straw / Barn 3 as above and (on parapet over entrance) ST LUKES HOSPITAL / FOR LVNATICS 1-3: No3 (competition number added)

Signed and dated

Mihi turpe relinqui est (it is shameful for me to be left behind, competition motto, drawings 1-3) and datable to before 31 May 1777

Medium and dimensions

(1) Pen and washes within a single ruled border on laid paper with one fold mark (641 x 988);(2) pen and washes within single ruled border on laid paper with one fold mark (656 x 999); (3) pen with sepia and (section) pink washes, shaded within double ruled and wash border on laid paper with one fold mark (643 x 1000)

Hand

Soane?; Soane?; Robert Baldwin (fl.1762-c.1804)

Watermark

1-3 J Whatman

Notes

Robert Baldwin's hand can be seen in the inscribed titles as well as the rendering of the elevation and section (drawing 1). It has been suggested (Professor du Prey, in conversation February 2009) that the room labels on drawings 1 and 2 were added by Soane who may have drawn the plans too. It is not uncommon to have several hands making a competition drawing.
The plan could be described as a stretched half-ellipse (cut longitudinally). The elevation has a Pantheon-type dome in the centre over a three-bay, four-storey frontispiece with three Wyatt windows, the centre one with a pair of reclining statues. The giant, two-storey windows at each end have a pair of Greek Doric columns with plain shafts and without bases.

Literature

P.du Prey, John Soane: the making of an architect, 1982. Chapter 3 (Architecture for madness: the St Luke's competition)

Level

Drawing

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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