Signed and dated
Undated, probably 1762-63
Medium and dimensions
421 x 276
James Adam, Office of
Design in black chalk for a domed baldacchino with four columns on steps with a throne; above is a detail of a baldacchino dome supported by dolphins. The finished drawing for the baldacchino is in Adam vol.7/70.
The drawings on both recto and verso are part of James Adam's Parliament House scheme of 1762/63. The fountain here is a sketch for that in Adam vol.7/109 but differs considerably in detail. The throne is probably an alternative to the more classical design shown in Adam vol.7/202 verso and was also intended for below the baldacchino as the drawing on the verso makes clear. The inspiration for his design lay in examples found in numerous Roman churches, of which the baroque baldacchino for St Peter's by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598-1680) was the most notable, and that for Santa Maria Maggiore of c.1743 by Ferdinando Fuga (1699-1782) the most contemporary.
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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural,
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it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance
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